U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

2004 Reports

December
-12/30/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005 -- Updated
-12/30/04   North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program -- Updated
-12/29/04   Homeland Security: Compendium of Recommendations Relevant to House Committee Organization and Analysis of Considerations for the House -- NEW!
-12/29/04   Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth -- Updated
-12/28/04   The United States and Europe: Possible Options for U.S. Policy -- Updated
-12/27/04   Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 109th Congress -- NEW!
-12/23/04   Education Reform in Pakistan -- NEW!
-12/23/04   U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges -- Updated
-12/22/04   European Union Enlargement -- Updated
-12/22/04   Intelligence Issues for Congress -- Updated
-12/22/04   Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance -- Updated
-12/21/04   Transportation Security: Issues for the 109th Congress -- Updated
-12/20/04   Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance -- Updated
-12/20/04   Membership of the 109th Congress: A Profile -- NEW!
-12/20/04   Visa Waiver Program -- Updated
-12/17/04   Nuclear Energy Policy -- Updated
-12/13/04   Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight -- NEW!
-12/13/04   Terrorism in South Asia -- Updated
-12/10/04   Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress -- Updated
-12/09/04   Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance -- Updated
-12/08/04   U.S. Arms Sales: Agreements with and Deliveries to Major Clients, 1996-2003 -- NEW!
-12/06/04   Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy -- NEW!
-12/06/04   Constitutionality of a Senate Filibuster of a Judicial Nomination -- Updated
-12/06/04   The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction -- Updated
-12/01/04   Haiti: Developments and U.S. Policy Since 1991 and Current Congressional Concerns -- Updated
-12/01/04   The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor -- Updated

November
-11/30/04   Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices -- Updated
-11/29/04   Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses -- Updated
-11/24/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005 -- Updated
-11/24/04   U.S. International Trade: Data and Forecasts -- Updated
-11/21/04   Laos: Background and U.S. Relations -- Updated
-11/20/04   Iraq: U.S. Military Operations and Costs -- Updated
-11/17/04   Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List -- Updated
-11/16/04   U.S. Military Overseas Basing: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress -- NEW!
-11/15/04   Current Economic Conditions and Selected Forecasts -- Updated
-11/15/04   War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance -- Updated
-11/12/04   Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests -- Updated
-11/12/04   Homeland Security Advisory System: Possible Issues for Congressional Oversight -- Updated
-11/10/04   Mexico's Counter-Narcotics Efforts under Fox, December 2000 to October 2004 -- NEW!
-11/09/04   Israeli-United States Relations -- Updated
-11/09/04   Nuclear Testing and Comprehensive Test Ban: Chronology Starting September 1992 -- Updated
-11/08/04   Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive Branch: Background and Issues for Congress -- Updated
-11/08/04   Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty -- Updated
-11/05/04   The Electoral College: An Overview and Analysis of Reform Proposals -- Updated
-11/04/04   India-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-11/04/04   Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues -- Updated
-11/03/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-11/03/04   China-U.S. Trade Issues -- Updated
-11/01/04   India: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated

October
-10/29/04   Global Climate Change -- Updated
-10/28/04   Campaign Financing -- Updated
-10/27/04   Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol -- Updated
-10/27/04   Intelligence Issues for Congress -- Updated
-10/26/04   Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 108 th Congress -- Updated
-10/26/04   Nuclear Energy Policy -- Updated
-10/25/04   Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-10/22/04   Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance -- Updated
-10/22/04   Sudan: The Darfur Crisis and the Status of the North-South Negotiations -- New!
-10/21/04   Secret Sessions of Congress: A Brief Historical Overview -- Updated
-10/20/04   H.R. 10 (9/11 Recommendations Implementation Act) and S.2845 (National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004): A Comparative Analysis -- Updated
-10/20/04   Monitoring Foreign Students in the United States: The Student Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) -- Updated
-10/20/04   Stem Cell Research -- Updated
-10/19/04   Argentina's Sovereign Debt Restructuring -- NEW!
-10/19/04   Trade and the Americas -- Updated
-10/18/04   9/11 Commission: Current Legislative Proposals for U.S. Immigration Law and Policy -- Updated
-10/18/04   Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches -- Updated
-10/18/04   Visa Waiver Program -- Updated
-10/15/04   S.Res. 445: Senate Committee Reorganization for Homeland Security and Intelligence Matters -- NEW!
-10/13/04   Aviation Security-Related Findings and Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission -- Updated
-10/13/04   Border Security: Inspections Practices, Policies, and Issues -- Updated
-10/13/04   Visa Issuances: Policy, Issues, and Legislation -- Updated
-10/12/04   Changing Causes of the U.S. Trade Deficit -- NEW!
-10/12/04   The Budget for Fiscal Year 2005 -- Updated
-10/12/04   Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-10/08/04   Pakistan-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-10/06/04   Comparison of 9/11 Commission Recommended Intelligence Reforms, S. 2845, S. 2774, H.R. 5024, Administration Proposal, H.R. 10, Current Law -- Updated
-10/06/04   Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-10/05/04   Expanding Threat Reduction and Nonproliferation Programs: Concepts and Definitions -- NEW!
-10/05/04   Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments -- Updated
-10/05/04   Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated
-10/05/04   The Proposed Authorities of a National Intelligence Director: Issues for Congress and Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 2845, H.R. 10, and Current Law -- Updated
-10/05/04   U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and the 9/11 Commission Recommendations -- Updated
-10/04/04   Postponement and Rescheduling of Elections to Federal Office -- NEW!
-10/03/04   Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement -- Updated
-10/03/04   War on Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments -- Updated
-10/01/04   Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation -- Updated

September
-09/28/04   Comparison of 9/11 Commission Recommended Intelligence Reforms, S. 2845, S.2774, H.R. 5024, Administration Proposal, H.R. 10, Current Law -- Updated
-09/28/04   North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program -- Updated
-09/28/04   The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections -- NEW!
-09/27/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2005 -- Updated
-09/27/04   Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy -- Updated
-09/24/04   Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization: 1949-2004 -- Updated
-09/24/04   Same-Sex Marriages: Legal Issues -- Updated
-09/24/04   Strategic Petroleum Reserve -- Updated
-09/23/04   Iraq's Trade with the World: Data and Analysis -- Updated
-09/23/04   Military Role in Space Control: A Primer -- NEW!
-09/22/04   State Election Laws: Overview of Statutes Regarding Emergency Election Postmponement Within the State -- NEW!
-09/21/04   General Management Laws and the 9/11 Commission's Proposed Office of National Intelligence Director (NID) and National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) -- NEW!
-09/15/04   Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Estimates since 1986 -- NEW!
-09/09/04   Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons -- NEW!
-09/09/04   The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance -- Updated
-09/06/04   Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List -- Updated
-09/02/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-09/02/04   Elections Reform: Overview and Issues -- Updated
-09/01/04   Membership of the 108th Congress: A Profile -- Updated
-09/01/04   Nuclear Energy Policy -- Updated

August
-08/27/04   Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management - Implementation Phase -- Updated
-08/26/04   Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1996-2003 -- NEW!
-08/23/04   FCC Media Ownership Rules: Current Status and Issues for Congress -- Updated
-08/23/04   Iran's Ballistic Missile Capabilities -- Updated
-08/20/04   Internet: An Overview of Key Technology Policy Issues Affecting Its Use and Growth -- Updated
-08/18/04   The U.N. Law of the Sea Convention and the United States: Developments Since October 2003 -- Updated
-08/17/04   Human Cloning -- Updated
-08/13/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations FY2003-FY2005 -- Updated
-08/13/04   Stem Cell Research -- Updated
-08/13/04   Terrorism in Southeast Asia -- NEW!
-08/12/04   The Position of Director of National Intelligence: Issues for Congress -- Updated
-08/11/04   Pakistan-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-08/11/04   Side-by-Side Comparison of Intelligence Community Reforms Proposed by 9/11 Commission, the Bush Administration, Senators Feinstein, Graham and Daschle, and Respresentatives Harman and Goss; and Current Statute -- Memorandum
-08/11/04   Terrorism: Key Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission and Recent Major Commissions and Inquiries -- NEW!
-08/09/04   Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated
-08/09/04   Terrorism in South Asia -- Updated
-08/06/04   World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda -- Updated
-08/05/04   First Responder Grant Formulas: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation and Other Options for Congressional Action -- Updated
-08/04/04   Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions -- NEW!
-08/04/04   FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress -- Updated
-08/04/04   Visa Issuances: Policy, Issues, and Legislation -- Updated
-08/03/04   Campaign Financing -- Updated

July
-07/29/04   India-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-07/29/04   Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004 -- NEW!
-07/29/04   The Position of Director of National Intelligence: Issues for Congress -- NEW!
-07/28/04   India: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated
-07/28/04   Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties -- Updated
-07/22/04   Cybercrime: The Council of Europe Convention -- Updated
-07/21/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-07/21/04   Iraq: Transition to Sovereignty -- Updated
-07/20/04   Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses -- Updated
-07/16/04   Campaign Financing -- Updated
-07/15/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FT2002-FY2005 -- Updated
-07/14/04   Executive Branch Power to Postpone Elections -- NEW!
-07/12/04   Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List -- Updated
-07/12/04   India's 2004 National Elections -- NEW!
-07/12/04   Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance -- Updated
-07/09/04   Israeli-United States Relations -- Updated
-07/09/04   Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and Lessons -- NEW!
-07/07/04   U.S. - French Commercial Ties -- NEW!
-07/06/04   Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation -- Updated
-07/06/04   Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends -- Updated
-07/06/04   The Middle East Peace Talks -- Updated
-07/01/04   Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress -- Updated
-07/01/04   South Korea - U.S. Economic Relations: Cooperation, Friction, and Future Prospects -- Updated

June
-06/22/04   Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-06/18/04   Offshoring (a.k.a. Offshore Outsourcing) and Job Insecurity Among U.S. Workers -- Updated
-06/16/04   Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur -- NEW!
-06/16/04   U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques -- NEW!
-06/15/04   Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy -- Updated
-06/14/04   Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation -- Updated
-06/10/04   Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol -- Updated
-06/10/04   USA Patriot Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005 -- Updated
-06/09/04   Sensitive Security Information and Transportation Security: Issues and Congressional Options -- NEW!
-06/03/04   Greece Update -- NEW!
-06/02/04   Network Centric Warfare: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress -- NEW!
-06/01/04   The Department of State's Patterns of Global Terrorism Report: Trends, State Sponsors, and Related Issues -- NEW!
-06/01/04   The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration -- Updated

May
-05/28/04   AIDS in Africa -- Updated
-05/28/04   Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States? -- Updated
-05/27/04   Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005: Defense -- Updated
-05/27/04   Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management - Implementation Phase -- Updated
-05/26/04   Border Security: Inspections Practices, Policies, and Issues -- NEW!
-05/26/04   Military Courts-Martial: An Overview -- NEW!
-05/24/04   U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues -- NEW!
-05/21/04   Homeland Security: Federal Assistance Funding and Business Opportunities -- Updated
-05/20/04   China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues for the 108th Congress -- Updated
-05/20/04   India-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-05/20/04   Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States -- Updated
-05/20/04   Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons -- NEW!
-05/14/04   Avian Influenza: Multiple Strains Cause Different Effects Worldwide -- Updated
-05/14/04   Pakistan-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-05/13/04   Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches -- Updated
-05/11/04   U.S.-Latin American Trade: Recent Trends -- Updated
-05/05/04   Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy -- NEW!

April
-04/30/04   Greece: Threat of Terrorism and Security of the Olympics -- NEW!
-04/29/04   The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities -- NEW!
-04/28/04   Immigration-Related Detention: Current Legislative Issues -- NEW!
-04/26/04   AIDS in Africa -- Updated
-04/22/04   Disarming Libya: Weapons of Mass Destruction -- NEW!
-04/21/04   AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY2005 -- Updated
-04/21/04   Terrorist Identification, Screening, and Tracking Under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 6 -- NEW!
-04/19/04   World Bank Post-Conflict Aid: Oversight Issues for Congress -- NEW!
-04/16/04   Computer Security: A Summary of Selected Federal Laws, Executive Orders, and Presidential Directives -- NEW!
-04/15/04   Foreign Aid: An Introductory Overview of U.S. Programs and Policy -- Updated
-04/15/04   Globalizing Cooperative Threat Reduction: A Survey of Options -- NEW!
-04/08/04   Gasoline Price Surge Revisited: Crude Oil and Refinery Issues -- NEW!
-04/06/04   FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress -- NEW!
-04/06/04   NATO and the European Union -- NEW!
-04/06/04   Visa Waiver Program -- Updated
-04/05/04   AGOA III: Amendment to the African Growth and Opportunity Act -- Updated
-04/01/04   Terrorist "Dirty Bombs': A Brief Primer -- Updated

March
-03/31/04   A Guide to Major Congressional and Presidential Awards -- Updated
-03/31/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-03/30/04   Policing in Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Problems and Proposed Solutions -- Updated
-03/29/04   Elections Reform: Overview and Issues -- Updated
-03/26/04   Trade Negotiations in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-03/26/04   Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response -- Updated
-03/25/04   Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy -- Updated
-03/17/04   Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations -- Updated
-03/12/04   A Free Trade Area of the Americas: Status of Negotiations and Major Policy Issues -- Updated
-03/11/04   Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Enforcement -- NEW!
-03/11/04   The U.N. Convention Against Torture: Overview of U.S. Implementation Policy Concerning the Removal of Aliens -- NEW!
-03/11/04   Weapons of Mass Destruction: Trade Between North Korea and Pakistan -- NEW!
-03/10/04   The Budget for Fiscal Year 2005 -- NEW!
-03/08/04   Terrorism in South Asia -- NEW!
-03/05/04   Missile Survey: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles of Foreign Countries -- Updated
-03/04/04   Black Members of the United States Congress: 1870-2004 -- Updated
-03/04/04   Iran's Nuclear Program: Recent Developments -- Updated
-03/04/04   Visa Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security -- NEW!
-03/01/04   AIDS Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC): Problems, Responses, and Issues for Congress -- NEW!

February
-02/25/04   India-U.S. Economic Relations -- Updated
-02/25/04   India-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-02/24/04   India: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated
-02/23/04   Energy Policy: The Continuing Debate and Omnibus Energy Legislation -- Updated
-02/23/04   Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance -- Updated
-02/23/04   Islam: Sunnis and Shiites -- NEW!
-02/23/04   U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure -- Updated
-02/18/04   U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions -- NEW!
-02/18/04   U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology Program (US-VISIT) -- NEW!
-02/13/04   NAFTA at Ten: Lessons from Recent Studies -- NEW!
-02/11/04   Visa Issuances: Policy, Issues, and Legislation -- Updated
-02/10/04   Visa Waiver Program -- NEW!
-02/06/04   Foreign Terrorist Organizations -- NEW!
-02/06/04   Pakistan-U.S. Relations -- Updated
-02/05/04   Iraq and Al Qaeda: Allied or Not? -- NEW!
-02/05/04   Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events -- Updated
-02/05/04   Pipeline Security: An Overview of Federal Activities and Current Policy Issues -- Updated
-02/04/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-02/04/04   Homeland Security: Department Organization and Management - Implementation Phase -- Updated
-02/04/04   Ricin: Technical Background and Potential Role in Terrorism -- Updated
-02/02/04   North Korea's Nuclear Weapons: How Soon an Arsenal? -- Updated

January
-01/28/04   Comparisons of U.S. and Foreign Military Spending: Data from Selected Public Sources -- NEW!
-01/28/04   Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress -- Updated
-01/28/04   HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2002-FY2004 -- Updated
-01/28/04   The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview -- Updated
-01/22/04   Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money -- Updated
-01/21/04   Elections Reform: Overview and Issues -- Updated
-01/16/04   U.S. Intelligence and Policymaking: The Iraq Experience -- Updated
-01/13/04   Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress -- Updated
-01/07/04   Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance -- Updated
-01/07/04   USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch -- NEW!
-01/05/04   Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments: Issues for Congress -- Updated
-01/02/04   Border Security and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles -- NEW!
-01/02/04   USA Patriot Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005 -- NEW!